The Data Cube is a system designed to:

  • Catalogue large amounts of Earth Observation data
  • Provide a Python based API for high performance querying and data access
  • Give scientists and other users easy ability to perform Exploratory Data Analysis
  • Allow scalable continent scale processing of the stored data
  • Track the provenance of all the contained data to allow for quality control and updates

Getting Started

If you’re reading this, hopefully someone has already set up and loaded data into a Data Cube for you.

Check out the Installation for instructions on configuring and setting up

Australian Users

If you are using Digital Earth Australia at the NCI, see the Digital Earth Australia User Guide.

Types of Datasets

When using the Data Cube, it will contain records about 3 different types of products and datasets.

Type of dataset In Index Data available Typical data
Referenced Yes No Historic or provenance record
Indexed Yes Maybe Created externally
Ingested Yes Yes Created within the Data Cube

Referenced Datasets

The existence and metadata of these datasets is known but the data itself is not accessible to the Data Cube. ie. A dataset without a location.

These usually come from the provenance / source information of other datasets.


  • Raw Landsat Telemetry

Indexed Datasets

Data is available (has a file location or uri), with associated metadata available in a format understood by the Data Cube.


  • USGS Landsat Scenes with prepared agdc-metadata.yaml
  • GA Landsat Scenes

Ingested Datasets

Data has been created by/and is managed by the Data Cube. The data has typically been been copied, compressed, tiled and possibly re-projected into a shape suitable for analysis, and stored in NetCDF4 files.


  • Tiled GA Landsat Data, ingested into Australian Albers Equal Area Projection (EPSG:3577) and stored in 100km tiles in NetCDF4


digraph provenance { node[fontname="Helvetica"] //, colorscheme=greens3, color=1]; raw[label="RAW Telemetry", style=dashed] ortho[label="Ortho Rectified", style=dashed] nbar[style=solid, label="NBAR Scene", styled=solid] nbartile[label="NBAR Albers Tile", shape=box, style=filled] raw -> ortho -> nbar -> nbartile; //rankdir=LR; }